The foreigners who power Kuwait’s economy, serve its society and make up 70% of its population are struggling to get coronavirus vaccines.
Unlike other Gulf Arab states that have administered doses to masses of foreign workers in a race to reach herd immunity, the oil-rich sheikhdom has come under fire for vaccinating its own people first.
That leaves legions of labourers from Asia, Africa and elsewhere, who clean Kuwaiti nationals’ homes, care for their children, drive their cars and bag their groceries, still waiting for their first doses, despite bearing the brunt of the pandemic.
“The only people I’ve seen at the vaccination centre were Kuwaiti,” said a 27-year-old Kuwaiti doctor, who like most people interviewed for this story spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of government reprisals.
“Kuwait has a citizens-first policy for everything, including when it comes to public health.”
Kuwaiti authorities did not respond to repeated requests for comment from The Associated Press on their vaccination strategy.
When Kuwait’s vaccination registration site went live in December, authorities declared that health-care workers, older adults and those with underlying conditions would be first in the queue.
As weeks ticked by, however, it became increasingly clear the lion’s share of doses was going to Kuwaitis, regardless of their age or health.
Initially, some expat medical workers said they could not even get appointments.
Kuwait’s labour system, which links migrants’ residency status to their jobs and gives employers big power, prevails across the Gulf Arab states.
But hostility toward migrants long has burned hotter in Kuwait.
The legacy of the 1991 Gulf War, which triggered mass deportations of Palestinian, Jordanian and Yemeni workers whose leaders had supported Iraq in the conflict, fuelled anxiety about the need for self-reliance in Kuwait that endures today — even as Southeast Asian labourers rushed to fill the void.
A 30-year-old Indian woman who has spent her whole life in Kuwait watched her Instagram feed fill with celebratory photos of Kuwaiti teenagers getting the jab.
Her father, a 62-year-old diabetic with high blood pressure, could not — like the rest of her relatives living there.
“All the Kuwaitis I know are vaccinated,” she said.
“It’s more than just annoying, it’s a realisation that no, this is not cool, there is no way to feel like I belong here anymore.”
Kuwait has vaccinated its citizens at a rate six times that of non-citizens, the country’s health ministry revealed earlier this year.
At the time, despite some 238,000 foreigners registering online to book an appointment, only 18,000 of them, mostly doctors, nurses and well-connected workers in state oil companies, were actually called in to receive the vaccine.
Meanwhile, some 119,000 Kuwaitis were vaccinated.
With vaccine information only available in English or Arabic, advocates say that locks out scores of low-wage labourers from Southeast Asia who speak neither language.
The disparity set off a debate on social media, with users decrying what they called the latest instance of xenophobia in Kuwait.
They say the pandemic has magnified resentment of migrant workers, deepened social divides and hardened the government’s resolve to protect its own people first.
Medical professionals warned Kuwait’s inoculation hierarchy damages public health.
Compared to the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, among the world’s fastest vaccinators per capita, Kuwait’s drive has lagged.
While foreigners wait for jabs, medical workers say Kuwaiti citizens remain reluctant to register because of vaccine conspiracy theories shared widely on social media.
Infections have soared, prompting the government to impose a strict nightly curfew last month.
With pressure mounting on the country’s health ministry, barriers eased in recent weeks, with a growing number of foreign residents 65 years of age and older reporting they were able to get vaccinated.
Still, most expats insist the inequality in access remains striking.
“We are waiting and waiting for the call,” said a 55-year-old house cleaner from Sri Lanka.
“The moment I get the call, I will go.
“I need the vaccine to be safe.”
The government has not released a demographic breakdown of vaccinated foreigners vs. Kuwaitis since the outrage over the inequality erupted in mid-February, only overall vaccination statistics.
As of this week, 500,000 people have received at least one dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech or Oxford-AstraZeneca, according to health authorities.